Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. Although malaria can be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.
WHAT CAUSES MALARIA?
Protozoan parasite called Plasmodium (In the Philippines, there are four main species of malaria-causing Plasmodium: P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae, and P. ovale. Infection with P. knowlesi has also been identified in the province of Palawan in 2010.)
HOW DO YOU GET IT?
Transmitted through the bite of an infected female Anopheles sp. mosquito, which usually bites during nighttime
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS/SYMPTOMS?
• High-grade fever
• Severe headache
• Uncomplicated P. falciparum
− First-Line: Artemether-Lumefantrine +
− Second-Line: Quinine Sulfate + Doxycycline/Tetracycline/Clindamycin
• Complicated P. falciparum: Quinine
Dihydrochloride Infusion + Doxycycline/ Tetracycline/Clindamycin
• Plasmodium vicax or Plasmodium ovale: Chloroquine + Primaquine
• Plasmodium malariae: Chloroquine + Primaquine
PREVENTION AND CONTROL
• Use long- lasting insecticidal mosquito nets, especially during nighttime.
• Wear long- sleeved clothing and pants.
• Use mosquito repellants/coils and screens on doors and windows.
• Clear hanging branches of trees along streams.
• Have your blood examined if you have the signs and symptoms of malaria.
• Follow the advice of health workers on how to take anti-malaria drugs.